Water Trails & Paddling
Water Trail Toolkit
This toolkit is designed to give you a step-by-step guide to developing a water trail. Whether you have an established trail or are developing a new water trail on your local waterway, this toolkit should provide you with some guidance.
The first step to getting a water trail in your community is to evaluate the resources available, river access and the potential economic return for the community. Use this planning checklist ‘click here for a list’ to help you get started. We also have a list of budget items ‘click here for a budget list’ you may consider while evaluating your resources.
- Criteria to Become an Established Water Trail
- Access and Liability
- Economic Benefits
- Health Benefits
- Planning Presentations
- Ocmulgee River Blueway – Karen Hunt, Hawkinsville-Pulaski Riverfront Park Advisory Council
- Upper Chattahoochee River Canoe Trail Study – Gary Gaines, Upper Chattahoochee Riverkeeper
- Etowah River Canoe Trail – Matthew Pate, Forsyth County Parks and Rec
- Southeast Coast Saltwater Paddling Trail – Charlotte Gillis, National Park Service & Sonny Emmert, Department of Natural Resources
- Southeastern Water Trail Efforts – Christine Olsenius, Southeast Watershed Forum
- Benefits of Water Trails; Georgia Trails Overview – Charlotte Gillis, National Park Service
- Gilmer County Blue Trails – Dave Teffeteller, Coosawattee Watershed Alliance
- Introduction to Water Trails – Charlotte Gillis, National Park Service
- Building a Trail in Your Community: A Case Study – Karen Hunt, Hawkinsville-Pulaski Riverfront Advisory Council & Karen Bailey, Hawkinsville Better Hometown Director
- Water Trails Conservation and Education – Joe Cook, Coosa River Basin Initiative
- ‘ Economic Benefits of Water Trails’ – Katherine Edmonds, American Rivers
- ‘ Planning a Water Trail: Vision & concept development, fund acquisition & execution’ – Bob Thomson, City of Porterdale
- How to Reduce the Impacts of Transportation Projects on Rivers – Brian Gist, Southern Environmental Law Center
- Funding Your Water Trail Project – Cheryl Delk, Newton County
- Build the Perfect Launch for Your Water Trail – Don Wells, Mountain Stewards
Recreational Opportunities & Access
- “River Access Planning Guide” – provides a process for planning river access with recreation users in mind
Scroll down for ADA Access and Restroom facility Resources
An overview of site selection, permitting, design and cost estimating, construction, capitalization and maintenance.
Presented at Georgia River Network’s Weekend for Rivers Conference.
- Rec Opportunity Presentations
- Permitting Presentation – Keith Parsons,
- Launch Designs – Don Wells, Mountain Stewards
- Launch Design, Permitting and Construction – Keith Parsons and Don Wells, Mountain Stewards
- ‘Fundamentals of Launch Design: What you need in your toolbox’ – Anne Nguyen, UGA College of Landscape Architecture
- ‘Planning, Designing, Constructing and Operating Blue Trail Launch Sites’ – Dave Teffeteller
- ‘The Chattahoochee Valley Blueway; how we are adapting an existing reality to fit a concept’ – Mike Crook, City of West Point
- Navigating the Shoals and Rapids of Permitting – Keith Parsons, Mountain Stewards
Presented at Georgia River Network’s Weekend for Rivers
This will put you on the permitting page. Look for Nationwide Permits.
The general phone number for the Savannah Office is: 1-800-448-2402.
For projects in the piedmont and mountains call the Morrow office at 678-422-2721 and ask for the project manager for the particular county the project would be located in.
For SW Ga. call the Albany office at 229-430-8567 (Lower Flint, Lower Chattahoochee, Suwannee, Ochlocknee river basins).
Restroom Options & Specs at Water Trail Access Locations
The biggest concern when developing a water trail is the usability and comfort of the put-ins, because without a good put-in it is harder to get people (especially families) on the river. A major factor in developing an appealing place to start and end your day on the river is the availability of a restroom that is clean and private. Being able to run into a restroom to change out of wet clothes or to use the restroom before piling back into the car has a tremendous, and often overlooked, influence on a day on the river. Having clean and well-managed restroom facilities plays a major role in consistent use of your put-in.
The information and chart below outlines the basics about each of the main restroom options including: port-a-potty, vault-style, composting, and conventional flush toilets.
|Company Name/ Toilet Type||Contact Information||Installation Cost||Maintenance Fee||Handicap Option?||Service Option||Pros||Cons|
Portable Services (Augusta, GA)
|(706)724-8420||Free||$99/month||Yes, $132/month||Weekly||Cheap, easy installation/ maintenance||Ease of vandalism; smell and sanitary concerns; requires regular upkeep and check-ups; visually unappealing|
Potty Man Portables (Albany, GA)
|(706)724-8420||Free||$85-$95/month||Yes, $200/month, must be accessible to service truck||Weekly||Cheap, easy installation/ maintenance||Ease of vandalism; smell and sanitary concerns; requires regular upkeep and check-ups; visually unappealing|
Prico Tents and Portable Toilets (Moultrie, GA)
|(229)985-7268||Free||$60/month in Moultrie, $65-$75 outside the city, same price for handwash/ sanitizer station available upon request (holds 35-40 gal for handwashing)||Yes, $75/month in moultrie, $85-95 outside the city||Weekly||Cheap, easy installation/ maintenance||Ease of vandalism; smell and sanitary concerns; requires regular upkeep and check-ups; visually unappealing|
Taylor Restrooms 2 Go (Macon, GA)
|(478)743-0021, Doodle employee cell: (478)258-4106||Free||$75/month, $75 for handwash station, free sanitizers instaled inside upon request||Yes, $100/month||Customer preference||Cheap, easy installation/ maintenance|
Nicro Day/Night Solar Vent
|888)361-0014||$1,389, delivered||Regular maintenance if messy. Clean vents/vent caps once every 2 months. Vent cap cleaning is very easy, can be done with a hose and scrub brush.||N/A||N/A||Extremely eco-friendly||Require user to be educated on proper use procedure and are easily destroyed. Low maximum number of users; most require electricity, typically for in house/boat/RV situations|
Sun Mar Composting Toilets
Self-Contained Systems: Excel: $1845.00, Excel N-E: $1645.00, Compact: $1785.00-
Central Flush Systems: Centrex 2000: $2045.00, Centrex 2000 N-E: $1845.00, Centrex 3000: $2245.00, Centrex 3000 N-E: $2045.00
|N/A||N/A||Extremely eco-friendly||Low maximum number of users; most require electricity, typically for in house/boat/RV situations|
CXT Concrete Buildings (Jeff Chambers-SE Sales)
Single-toilet Models -Gunnison: $22,000.00 -Cascadian: $25,000.00 -Rocky Mountain: $19,600.00
Double-toilet Models -Tioga Special: $40,000.00 -Double Cascadian: $45,000.00 -Double Rocky Mountain: $45,000.00 *Expect $3000-$5000 in shipping charges to GA
|Cost of sewage removal (low price per gallon), 15,000 uses before waste removalis needed||Yes, additional $4,000 for concrete slab in front to make more easily accessible||Customer preference||Little smell; irregular maintenance; visually appealing; hard to vandalize, very sanitary, 3rd party inspected||High initial cost, hire of outside sewage removal company, must acquire a permit (couple hundred dollars)|
BMS Waterless Systems
|(800)524-1097||Single: ~$19,600* Double: ~$46,000* This is the cost of the unit, but installation and shipping are not included in this total||Cost of sewage removal (low price per gallon), and utilities (A/C required)||Accessible||Customer preference||Little smell; irregular maintenance; visually appealing; hard to vandalize, very sanitary, 3rd party inspected||High initial cost, hire of outside sewage removal company, must acquire a permit (couple hundred dollars)|
Flushable Vault Toilet
Green Flush Technologies (Asheville, NC)
Single Toilet Options -Aspen Model: $60,000 (low 70’s if chance of flooding in the area, must install concrete pad)
Dual-Gender Options -Durango Model: $85,000-105 (depending on location and size) -Breckenridge Model: $100,000 (covered entry, more spacious)
Multiple Toilet Options -Breckenridge 2: Price on request -Grand Park 3: Price on request -Telluride: Price on request, does not include crane rental (~$3,000), shipping (~$1500), or site prep. Option available for a rainwater collector to bolster waterflow ($2,500). Plus contractor for installation
|Cost of pumping sewage (low cost per gallon, below $1.00)||Accessible||Customer Preference||Option of not connecting to sewage, water, or power systems. Very low-flow, use of water removes all waste from the bowl instead of simply relying on gravity. No tap fees or monthly service charges from utility providers.||Must be road accessible for sewage pumping to be possible|
Joe Welch Companies
|504–367–7327||Double Unit: 1 side handicap accessible with ramp, 1 side unisex: $38,000 Double Unit: 1 side male, 1 side female, not handicap accessible with steps: $35,000 Single Unit: Non handicap accessible with steps: $28,000.00 Back Country Units: All aluminum shipped in kit form, non handicap accessible: $9,700||It depends, call for specifics||Option available||Customer preference||No option to place trash/ other waste (diapers, wet wipes) in toilet, further reducing smell||Purely concentrated waste introduces a hazard that is not present with the use of other styles of restroom. Most water treatment facilities cannot handle pure waste, so waste must be retro-actively diluted so that it can pass through for treatment.|
ARAMARK Construction Division
|Joe Ligon: (928) 645-1056||Complete Assembley: $161,500.00 -4000-gallon double-walled waste tank, -double restroom, -porta-potty dump station, -boat-pumpout system -solar power system, -anchor system -motion sensor lighting, and alarms||Yes|
Conventional Flush Toilets
- Partnerships & Stakeholders
- Resolutions of Support
- Community Support Presentations
- Chattahoochee Whitewater Park, Conception to Completion – John Turner, WC Bradley Co.
- ‘Partners Mean Progress: Etowah River Canoe Trail’– Matthew Pate, Forsyth County Parks and Rec
- ‘Understanding Private Property Issues and Working with your Community to Avoid Conflict’– Dan MacIntyre, Page Perry LLC
- River Etiquette & Paddling Safety Information
- Marketing Your Water Trail
- Public Info Presentations
- Water Trails and Private Property Concerns – Dan MacIntyre, Page Perry LLC
- Status of Water Trails in Georgia and the Economic Benefits of Water Trails – Katherine Edmonds, American Rivers
- Water Trails Marketing and Tourism – Cheryl Smith, GA Dept of EcD – Tourism Division
- ‘Who wants an Interactive Map for their Water Trail?’ – Harold Harbert, GA Environmental Protection Division
- ‘The Wonders of the Georgia River Network Water Trails Clearinghouse’ – Gwyneth Moody, Georgia River Network
- Use Social Media to Create Winning Messages – Chandra Brown, Consultant
- Get the Word Out! Marketing Tools and Resources for Your Water Trail – Janet Cochran, GA Dept of EcD – Tourism Division
Conservation, Stewardship & Education
- Water Quality Monitoring, River Cleanups and more…
- Develop Watershed Plans to Restore and Protect Our Waters – EPA’s Watershed Management Handbook
- Conservation and Stewardship Presentations
- ‘Get your Community Involved! Lessons Learned on the River’ – Bonny Putney, Rivers Alive & Chattahoochee Riverkeeper
- ‘How River Restoration Can Play a Vital Role in a Healthy Water Trail’ – Robby Bowen, Meanders River Restoration, Inc.
- Is Dam Removal Right for Your River? – Lisa Hollingsworth-Segedy, American Rivers
- From Lemons to Clean Water – Katherine Baer, River Network
Water trail users should be provided with opportunities to learn about the value of water resources, cultural heritage, boating skills, and outdoor ethics.
- Education Presentations
- ‘Water Quality & Quantity: Ecosystem Health= Community Health’ – William “Hap” Tietjen, Georgia Adopt-a-Stream
There is a demonstrated ability to support routine and long-term maintenance investments on the water trail. Facilities are designed, constructed, and maintained by incorporating sustainability principles.