Water Trails & Paddling
Water Trail Toolkit
This toolkit is designed to give you a step-by-step guide to developing a water trail. Whether you have an established trail or are developing a new water trail on your local waterway, this toolkit should provide you with some guidance.
The first step to getting a water trail in your community is to evaluate the resources available, river access and the potential economic return for the community. Use this planning checklist ‘click here for a list’ to help you get started. We also have a list of budget items ‘click here for a budget list’ you may consider while evaluating your resources.
- Criteria to Become an Established Water Trail
- Access and Liability
- Economic Benefits
- Health Benefits
- Planning Presentations
- Ocmulgee River Blueway – Karen Hunt, Hawkinsville-Pulaski Riverfront Park Advisory Council
- Upper Chattahoochee River Canoe Trail Study – Gary Gaines, Upper Chattahoochee Riverkeeper
- Etowah River Canoe Trail – Matthew Pate, Forsyth County Parks and Rec
- Southeast Coast Saltwater Paddling Trail – Charlotte Gillis, National Park Service & Sonny Emmert, Department of Natural Resources
- Southeastern Water Trail Efforts – Christine Olsenius, Southeast Watershed Forum
- Benefits of Water Trails; Georgia Trails Overview – Charlotte Gillis, National Park Service
- Gilmer County Blue Trails – Dave Teffeteller, Coosawattee Watershed Alliance
- Introduction to Water Trails – Charlotte Gillis, National Park Service
- Building a Trail in Your Community: A Case Study – Karen Hunt, Hawkinsville-Pulaski Riverfront Advisory Council & Karen Bailey, Hawkinsville Better Hometown Director
- Water Trails Conservation and Education – Joe Cook, Coosa River Basin Initiative
- ‘ Economic Benefits of Water Trails’ – Katherine Edmonds, American Rivers
- ‘ Planning a Water Trail: Vision & concept development, fund acquisition & execution’ – Bob Thomson, City of Porterdale
- How to Reduce the Impacts of Transportation Projects on Rivers – Brian Gist, Southern Environmental Law Center
- Funding Your Water Trail Project – Cheryl Delk, Newton County
- Build the Perfect Launch for Your Water Trail – Don Wells, Mountain Stewards
By Dave Teffeteller, Coosawattee Watershed Alliance
An overview of site selection, permitting, design and cost estimating, construction, capitalization and maintenance.
- Rec Opportunity Presentations
- Permitting Presentation – Keith Parsons,
- Launch Designs – Don Wells, Mountain Stewards
- Launch Design, Permitting and Construction – Keith Parsons and Don Wells, Mountain Stewards
- ‘Fundamentals of Launch Design: What you need in your toolbox’ – Anne Nguyen, UGA College of Landscape Architecture
- ‘Planning, Designing, Constructing and Operating Blue Trail Launch Sites’ – Dave Teffeteller, Coosawattee Watershed Alliance
- ‘The Chattahoochee Valley Blueway; how we are adapting an existing reality to fit a concept’ – Mike Crook, City of West Point
- Navigating the Shoals and Rapids of Permitting – Keith Parsons, Mountain Stewards
This will put you on the permitting page. Look for Nationwide Permits.
The general phone number for the Savannah Office is: 1-800-448-2402.
For projects in the piedmont and mountains call the Morrow office at 678-422-2721 and ask for the project manager for the particular county the project would be located in.
For SW Ga. call the Albany office at 229-430-8567 (Lower Flint, Lower Chattahoochee, Suwannee, Ochlocknee river basins).
The biggest concern when developing a water trail is the usability and comfort of the put-ins, because without a good put-in it is harder to get people (especially families) on the river. A major factor in developing an appealing place to start and end your day on the river is the availability of a restroom that is clean and private. Being able to run into a restroom to change out of wet clothes or to use the restroom before piling back into the car has a tremendous, and often overlooked, influence on a day on the river. Having clean and well-managed restroom facilities plays a major role in consistent use of your put-in.
The information and chart below outlines the basics about each of the main restroom options including: port-a-potty, vault-style, composting, and conventional flush toilets.
|Company Name/ Toilet Type||Contact Information||Installation Cost||Maintenance Fee||Handicap Option?||Service Option||Pros||Cons|
Portable Services (Augusta, GA)
|(706)724-8420||Free||$99/month||Yes, $132/month||Weekly||Cheap, easy installation/ maintenance||Ease of vandalism; smell and sanitary concerns; requires regular upkeep and check-ups; visually unappealing|
Potty Man Portables (Albany, GA)
|(706)724-8420||Free||$85-$95/month||Yes, $200/month, must be accessible to service truck||Weekly||Cheap, easy installation/ maintenance||Ease of vandalism; smell and sanitary concerns; requires regular upkeep and check-ups; visually unappealing|
Prico Tents and Portable Toilets (Moultrie, GA)
|(229)985-7268||Free||$60/month in Moultrie, $65-$75 outside the city, same price for handwash/ sanitizer station available upon request (holds 35-40 gal for handwashing)||Yes, $75/month in moultrie, $85-95 outside the city||Weekly||Cheap, easy installation/ maintenance||Ease of vandalism; smell and sanitary concerns; requires regular upkeep and check-ups; visually unappealing|
Taylor Restrooms 2 Go (Macon, GA)
|(478)743-0021, Doodle employee cell: (478)258-4106||Free||$75/month, $75 for handwash station, free sanitizers instaled inside upon request||Yes, $100/month||Customer preference||Cheap, easy installation/ maintenance|
Nicro Day/Night Solar Vent
|888)361-0014||$1,389, delivered||Regular maintenance if messy. Clean vents/vent caps once every 2 months. Vent cap cleaning is very easy, can be done with a hose and scrub brush.||N/A||N/A||Extremely eco-friendly||Require user to be educated on proper use procedure and are easily destroyed. Low maximum number of users; most require electricity, typically for in house/boat/RV situations|
Sun Mar Composting Toilets
Self-Contained Systems: Excel: $1845.00, Excel N-E: $1645.00, Compact: $1785.00-
Central Flush Systems: Centrex 2000: $2045.00, Centrex 2000 N-E: $1845.00, Centrex 3000: $2245.00, Centrex 3000 N-E: $2045.00
|N/A||N/A||Extremely eco-friendly||Low maximum number of users; most require electricity, typically for in house/boat/RV situations|
CXT Concrete Buildings (Jeff Chambers-SE Sales)
Single-toilet Models -Gunnison: $22,000.00 -Cascadian: $25,000.00 -Rocky Mountain: $19,600.00
Double-toilet Models -Tioga Special: $40,000.00 -Double Cascadian: $45,000.00 -Double Rocky Mountain: $45,000.00 *Expect $3000-$5000 in shipping charges to GA
|Cost of sewage removal (low price per gallon), 15,000 uses before waste removalis needed||Yes, additional $4,000 for concrete slab in front to make more easily accessible||Customer preference||Little smell; irregular maintenance; visually appealing; hard to vandalize, very sanitary, 3rd party inspected||High initial cost, hire of outside sewage removal company, must acquire a permit (couple hundred dollars)|
BMS Waterless Systems
|(800)524-1097||Single: ~$19,600* Double: ~$46,000* This is the cost of the unit, but installation and shipping are not included in this total||Cost of sewage removal (low price per gallon), and utilities (A/C required)||Accessible||Customer preference||Little smell; irregular maintenance; visually appealing; hard to vandalize, very sanitary, 3rd party inspected||High initial cost, hire of outside sewage removal company, must acquire a permit (couple hundred dollars)|
Flushable Vault Toilet
Green Flush Technologies (Asheville, NC)
Single Toilet Options -Aspen Model: $60,000 (low 70’s if chance of flooding in the area, must install concrete pad)
Dual-Gender Options -Durango Model: $85,000-105 (depending on location and size) -Breckenridge Model: $100,000 (covered entry, more spacious)
Multiple Toilet Options -Breckenridge 2: Price on request -Grand Park 3: Price on request -Telluride: Price on request, does not include crane rental (~$3,000), shipping (~$1500), or site prep. Option available for a rainwater collector to bolster waterflow ($2,500). Plus contractor for installation
|Cost of pumping sewage (low cost per gallon, below $1.00)||Accessible||Customer Preference||Option of not connecting to sewage, water, or power systems. Very low-flow, use of water removes all waste from the bowl instead of simply relying on gravity. No tap fees or monthly service charges from utility providers.||Must be road accessible for sewage pumping to be possible|
Joe Welch Companies
|504–367–7327||Double Unit: 1 side handicap accessible with ramp, 1 side unisex: $38,000 Double Unit: 1 side male, 1 side female, not handicap accessible with steps: $35,000 Single Unit: Non handicap accessible with steps: $28,000.00 Back Country Units: All aluminum shipped in kit form, non handicap accessible: $9,700||It depends, call for specifics||Option available||Customer preference||No option to place trash/ other waste (diapers, wet wipes) in toilet, further reducing smell||Purely concentrated waste introduces a hazard that is not present with the use of other styles of restroom. Most water treatment facilities cannot handle pure waste, so waste must be retro-actively diluted so that it can pass through for treatment.|
ARAMARK Construction Division
|Joe Ligon: (928) 645-1056||Complete Assembley: $161,500.00 -4000-gallon double-walled waste tank, -double restroom, -porta-potty dump station, -boat-pumpout system -solar power system, -anchor system -motion sensor lighting, and alarms||Yes|
Conventional Flush Toilets
- Partnerships & Stakeholders
- Resolutions of Support
- Community Support Presentations
- Chattahoochee Whitewater Park, Conception to Completion – John Turner, WC Bradley Co.
- ‘Partners Mean Progress: Etowah River Canoe Trail’– Matthew Pate, Forsyth County Parks and Rec
- ‘Understanding Private Property Issues and Working with your Community to Avoid Conflict’– Dan MacIntyre, Page Perry LLC
- River Etiquette & Paddling Safety Information
- Marketing Your Water Trail
- Public Info Presentations
- Water Trails and Private Property Concerns – Dan MacIntyre, Page Perry LLC
- Status of Water Trails in Georgia and the Economic Benefits of Water Trails – Katherine Edmonds, American Rivers
- Water Trails Marketing and Tourism – Cheryl Smith, GA Dept of EcD – Tourism Division
- ‘Who wants an Interactive Map for their Water Trail?’ – Harold Harbert, GA Environmental Protection Division
- ‘The Wonders of the Georgia River Network Water Trails Clearinghouse’ – Gwyneth Moody, Georgia River Network
- Use Social Media to Create Winning Messages – Chandra Brown, Consultant
- Get the Word Out! Marketing Tools and Resources for Your Water Trail – Janet Cochran, GA Dept of EcD – Tourism Division
Conservation, Stewardship & Education
- Water Quality Monitoring, River Cleanups and more…
- Develop Watershed Plans to Restore and Protect Our Waters – EPA’s Watershed Management Handbook
- Conservation and Stewardship Presentations
- ‘Get your Community Involved! Lessons Learned on the River’ – Bonny Putney, Rivers Alive & Chattahoochee Riverkeeper
- ‘How River Restoration Can Play a Vital Role in a Healthy Water Trail’ – Robby Bowen, Meanders River Restoration, Inc.
- Is Dam Removal Right for Your River? – Lisa Hollingsworth-Segedy, American Rivers
- From Lemons to Clean Water – Katherine Baer, River Network
Water trail users should be provided with opportunities to learn about the value of water resources, cultural heritage, boating skills, and outdoor ethics.
- Education Presentations
- ‘Water Quality & Quantity: Ecosystem Health= Community Health’ – William “Hap” Tietjen, Georgia Adopt-a-Stream
There is a demonstrated ability to support routine and long-term maintenance investments on the water trail. Facilities are designed, constructed, and maintained by incorporating sustainability principles.