Water Trails & Paddling

 

Water Trail Toolkit

GA Water Trails

This toolkit is designed to give you a step-by-step guide to developing a water trail. Whether you have an established trail or are developing a new water trail on your local waterway, this toolkit should provide you with some guidance.

The first step to getting a water trail in your community is to evaluate the resources available, river access and the potential economic return for the community. Use this planning checklist ‘click here for a list’ to help you get started. We also have a list of budget items ‘click here for a budget list’ you may consider while evaluating your resources.

 

Planning

Recreational Opportunities
      

Launch Design, Permitting, and Construction

National Park Service and River Management Society have useful guidelines for developing water recreation access sites:
Planning, Designing, Constructing and Operating Blue Trail Launch Sites
By Dave Teffeteller, Coosawattee Watershed Alliance
An overview of site selection, permitting, design and cost estimating, construction, capitalization and maintenance.
Presented at Georgia River Network’s ‘Water Trails that Work’ Workshop.
Designing and Constructing a Launch
By Don Wells from Georgia Mountain Stewards
Don Wells talks about how he and his crew designed and constructed canoe and kayak launches for the Coosawattee River Water Trail.
Presented at Georgia River Network’s Weekend for Rivers Conference.

Permitting Construction of a Canoe/Kayak launch in Georgia
By Keith Parsons, Georgia EPD Water Protection Division
One of the biggest parts of building a Water Trail is creating places to put in and take boats out of the river. Keith Parsons talks about how to apply for the correct permits necessary to build your launch.
Presented at Georgia River Network’s Weekend for Rivers

Army Corps of Engineers
Savannah District Regulatory
www.sas.usace.army.mil/regulatory/permits.html
This will put you on the permitting page. Look for Nationwide Permits.
The general phone number for the Savannah Office is: 1-800-448-2402.
For projects in the piedmont and mountains call the Morrow office at 678-422-2721 and ask for the project manager for the particular county the project would be located in.
For SW Ga. call the Albany office at 229-430-8567 (Lower Flint, Lower Chattahoochee, Suwannee, Ochlocknee river basins).
Georgia EPD
Georgia EPD Stream Buffer Variance Permits would be needed for impacts within the 25 foot protected buffer (50 feet for trout waters) of streams and rivers.
Visit: https://www.georgiaepd.org/Documents/epdforms_wpb.html#erosion
EnviroGrid: This product was originally developed for the US Forest Service to help stabilize forest roads. It is a cellar containment structure which when opened to its full extended size and filled with gravel can support heavy loads. EnviroGrid was used for the Etowah River Water Trail Amicalola WMA Site.


Restroom Options & Specs at Water Trail Access Locations

The biggest concern when developing a water trail is the usability and comfort of the put-ins, because without a good put-in it is harder to get people (especially families) on the river. A major factor in developing an appealing place to start and end your day on the river is the availability of a restroom that is clean and private. Being able to run into a restroom to change out of wet clothes or to use the restroom before piling back into the car has a tremendous, and often overlooked, influence on a day on the river. Having clean and well-managed restroom facilities plays a major role in consistent use of your put-in.

The information and chart below outlines the basics about each of the main restroom options including: port-a-potty, vault-style, composting, and conventional flush toilets.

 

Company Name/ Toilet Type Contact Information Installation Cost Maintenance Fee Handicap Option? Service Option Pros Cons

Portalet

Portable Services (Augusta, GA)

(706)724-8420 Free $99/month Yes, $132/month Weekly Cheap, easy installation/ maintenance Ease of vandalism; smell and sanitary concerns; requires regular upkeep and check-ups; visually unappealing

Portalet

Potty Man Portables (Albany, GA)

(706)724-8420 Free $85-$95/month Yes, $200/month, must be accessible to service truck Weekly Cheap, easy installation/ maintenance Ease of vandalism; smell and sanitary concerns; requires regular upkeep and check-ups; visually unappealing

Portalet

Prico Tents and Portable Toilets (Moultrie, GA)

(229)985-7268 Free $60/month in Moultrie, $65-$75 outside the city, same price for handwash/ sanitizer station available upon request (holds 35-40 gal for handwashing) Yes, $75/month in moultrie, $85-95 outside the city Weekly Cheap, easy installation/ maintenance Ease of vandalism; smell and sanitary concerns; requires regular upkeep and check-ups; visually unappealing

Portalet

Taylor Restrooms 2 Go (Macon, GA)

(478)743-0021, Doodle employee cell: (478)258-4106 Free $75/month, $75 for handwash station, free sanitizers instaled inside upon request Yes, $100/month Customer preference Cheap, easy installation/ maintenance Ease of vandalism; smell and sanitary concerns; requires regular upkeep and check-ups; visually unappealing

Composting Toilet

Nicro Day/Night Solar Vent

888)361-0014 $1,389, delivered Regular maintenance if messy. Clean vents/vent caps once every 2 months. Vent cap cleaning is very easy, can be done with a hose and scrub brush. N/A N/A Extremely eco-friendly Require user to be educated on proper use procedure and are easily destroyed. Low maximum number of users; most require electricity, typically for in house/boat/RV situations

Composting Toilet

Sun Mar Composting Toilets

1-888-341-0782

Self-Contained Systems: Excel: $1845.00, Excel N-E: $1645.00, Compact: $1785.00-

Central Flush Systems: Centrex 2000: $2045.00, Centrex 2000 N-E: $1845.00, Centrex 3000: $2245.00, Centrex 3000 N-E: $2045.00

N/A N/A Extremely eco-friendly Low maximum number of users; most require electricity, typically for in house/boat/RV situations

Vault Toilet

CXT Concrete Buildings (Jeff Chambers-SE Sales)

(678)206-6426

Single-toilet Models -Gunnison: $22,000.00 -Cascadian: $25,000.00 -Rocky Mountain: $19,600.00

Double-toilet Models -Tioga Special: $40,000.00 -Double Cascadian: $45,000.00 -Double Rocky Mountain: $45,000.00 *Expect $3000-$5000 in shipping charges to GA

Cost of sewage removal (low price per gallon), 15,000 uses before waste removalis needed Yes, additional $4,000 for concrete slab in front to make more easily accessible Customer preference Little smell; irregular maintenance; visually appealing; hard to vandalize, very sanitary, 3rd party inspected High initial cost, hire of outside sewage removal company, must acquire a permit (couple hundred dollars)

Vault Toilet

BMS Waterless Systems

(800)524-1097 Single: ~$19,600* Double: ~$46,000* This is the cost of the unit, but installation and shipping are not included in this total Cost of sewage removal (low price per gallon), and utilities (A/C required) Accessible Customer preference Little smell; irregular maintenance; visually appealing; hard to vandalize, very sanitary, 3rd party inspected High initial cost, hire of outside sewage removal company, must acquire a permit (couple hundred dollars)

Flushable Vault Toilet

Green Flush Technologies (Asheville, NC) 

360-718-7595

Single Toilet Options -Aspen Model: $60,000 (low 70’s if chance of flooding in the area, must install concrete pad)

Dual-Gender Options -Durango Model: $85,000-105 (depending on location and size) -Breckenridge Model: $100,000 (covered entry, more spacious)

Multiple Toilet Options -Breckenridge 2: Price on request -Grand Park 3: Price on request -Telluride: Price on request, does not include crane rental (~$3,000), shipping (~$1500), or site prep. Option available for a rainwater collector to bolster waterflow ($2,500). Plus contractor for installation

Cost of pumping sewage (low cost per gallon, below $1.00) Accessible Customer Preference Option of not connecting to sewage, water, or power systems. Very low-flow, use of water removes all waste from the bowl instead of simply relying on gravity. No tap fees or monthly service charges from utility providers. Must be road accessible for sewage pumping to be possible

Land-based restroom

Joe Welch Companies

504–367–7327 Double Unit: 1 side handicap accessible with ramp, 1 side unisex: $38,000 Double Unit: 1 side male, 1 side female, not handicap accessible with steps: $35,000 Single Unit: Non handicap accessible with steps: $28,000.00 Back Country Units: All aluminum shipped in kit form, non handicap accessible: $9,700 It depends, call for specifics Option available Customer preference No option to place trash/ other waste (diapers, wet wipes) in toilet, further reducing smell Purely concentrated waste introduces a hazard that is not present with the use of other styles of restroom. Most water treatment facilities cannot handle pure waste, so waste must be retro-actively diluted so that it can pass through for treatment.

   Floating Restroom

ARAMARK Construction Division

Joe Ligon: (928) 645-1056      Complete Assembley: $161,500.00 -4000-gallon double-walled waste tank, -double restroom, -porta-potty dump station, -boat-pumpout system -solar power system, -anchor system -motion sensor lighting, and alarms Yes

Conventional Flush Toilets
If none of the earlier options appeal to you, then perhaps installing a conventional flush toilet may be the best option for you. This is by far the most permanent option of all, and requires the installation of a septic tank and a water line or well to supply the plumbing. Because of this, there are numerous permits to meet sanitation and drainage requirements that vary from county to county. This option also requires the construction of a structure to provide privacy and protection from the elements, which is an additional expense that is avoided by choosing a vault, micro-flush, or porta-potty option. A conventional flush toilet uses clean water to clear the waste from the bowl and pump it into a septic tank where it is stored until it is pumped out. A conventional flush toilet would be ideal for construction near an already water-equipped structure, so that you would only need to run a water line. Unfortunately the high variability from job to job makes it hard to provide an accurate base price for installation, but another benefit of conventional flush toilets is that there are huge numbers of contractors that are well qualified and easy to reach

Community Support
Public Information

Conservation, Stewardship & Education

Water trail users should be provided with opportunities to learn about the value of water resources, cultural heritage, boating skills, and outdoor ethics.

Trail Maintenance

There is a demonstrated ability to support routine and long-term maintenance investments on the water trail. Facilities are designed, constructed, and maintained by incorporating sustainability principles.

Georgia River Network

126 South Milledge Avenue, Suite E3, Athens, Georgia 30605 | (706) 549-4508 (phone) | (706) 549-7791 (fax) | info@garivers.org